Disaster recovery strategies or disaster recovery plans are lists of procedures and actions to follow in the event of a disaster. Disasters can include human error, hardware or software failure or natural disasters etc. A Disaster Recovery Plan consists of four sections; Emergency plan, backup plan, recovery plan and test plan.
Emergency Plan Edit
Emergency plans cover what to do when a disaster strikes or is close by. Certain criteria can be asked to test the efficiency of this plan such as:
- What devices need to be turned off?
- Where does everyone go?
- Who needs to Be contacted?
- Contact Numbers
An emergency plan is generally achieved if the criteria above are met.
Backup Plan Edit
Backup plans cover when and how a backup will be applied after a disaster. The steps required to restore the backup files include:
- Alternative hosting sites
- Location of the backup files
- Personnel responsible for backing up the files
- Time needed to backup
Recovery Plan Edit
Recovery plan covers what hardware and software needs to be replaced if a disaster occurs. The criteria for a recovery plan is as follows:
- Check all hardware, software devices for damage
- Replace damaged equipment
- Restore backup
- Restore services
Test Plan Edit
Test plan involves testing all hardware and software devices to see if they're working expected. The following criteria are involved in the test plan:
- Test hardware
- Test software
- Test procedures
- Test backup